Fundamentals of Materials Science

Numbering Code U-ENG25 25133 LJ75 Year/Term 2021 ・ First semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type Lecture
Target Year Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Fri.3
Instructor name MURASE KUNIAKI (Graduate School of Engineering Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course Based primarily on the solid-state chemistry, this course serves the outline of notation (descriptive method) and analytical techniques for solid substances, which become the basis of materials science and materials engineering.
Course Goals Basic knowledges of physics, chemistry, mathematics, etc. are requires to learn materials science and materials engineering. In this course students learn basic technical terms and develop fundamental concepts of solid-state materials chemistry, to take subsequent advanced courses on materials science and materials engineering.
Schedule and Contents Substances and materials, 1 time, Three states of matter; Amorphous and glasses; Liquid crystal; Materials structures and properties in our surrounding living environment.
Fundamentals of crystal structures, 3 times, Close packing and holes; Crystal structure of metals; Point symmetry and space symmetry; Lattice and unit structure; Crystal system and Bravais lattice; Depiction of lattice plane and lattice direction; Fractional coordinates.
Fundamentals of chemical bond theory, 2 times, Electronic configuration and shielding; Size of atoms and ions; Covalency and ionicity; Definition of electronegativity.
Inorganic solid-state materials, 3 times, Structure of important ionic crystals; Stoichiometry and lattice defects; Ionic conduction and solid electrolytes; Crystal field and optical properties of d-block elements.
Fundamentals of diffraction crystallography, 5 times, Generation and properties of X-ray; Fundamentals of X-ray scattering and diffraction (Bragg condition, structure factor, extinction rule); Powder X-ray diffractometry; Laue method
Self-assessment of achievement, 1 time, Review of the course contents
Evaluation Methods and Policy (1) Class participation, (2) take-home assignments (approx. 50% in total), and (3) exams (approx. 50%). Students will sign a roll sheet every class. Ten written take-home assignments are due throughout the semester. Supplementary examination to bail out low-performing students will not be given for any reason.
Course Requirements Knowledge of physics and chemistry for the entrance examination of Kyoto University.
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) The take-home assignments and their suggested answers should effectively be used for preparation and review.
Textbooks Textbooks/References No textbook is required for this course. A course booklet will be given out at the first lecture.
References, etc. Elements of X-Ray Diffraction (3rd ed.), B. D. Cullity, S.R. Stock, (Prentice Hall), ISBN:9780201610918
Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction (4th ed.), L. Smart, E. Moore, (CRC Press), ISBN:9781439847909
Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications (2nd ed.), A. R. West, (Wiley), ISBN:9781119942948
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