Introduction to Earth Science B-E2

Numbering Code U-LAS15 10004 LE58 Year/Term 2021 ・ Second semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type Lecture
Target Year Mainly 1st & 2nd year students Target Student For science students
Language English Day/Period Wed.1
Instructor name ZWINGMANN,Horst Friedrich August (Graduate School of Science Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course The Earth System is divided into four subsystems: atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere. This lecture focuses on the first three subsystems and introduces their interactions in the different time scales. In particular, this lecture will be outlined interaction and material circulation between these three subsystems, and transition and change in the global environment over the 4.6 billion year history of the Earth.
Course Goals The objective of this course is to develop an understanding of fundamental geological concepts and processes of plate tectonics and its influences on the dynamic Earth. The lectures comprise a general introduction to plate tectonics theory and selected detailed field case studies from Japan and the world.

At the end of the semester, students should be able to understand fundamental geological concepts and processes, within an Earth System context, and how the application of physical, chemical and biological sciences can be applied to solve geological problems.
Schedule and Contents The Earth System is broadly divided into four subsystems: atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere. There is exchange of both matter and energy within those subsystems, in different time scales.

The main contents of this lecture are:

1. Interactions and material circulation among these three subsystems of the Earth System
2. Consist of the global environment
   ・Formation of the Earth
   ・Environment of the early Earth
3. The climate change in Earth's history
   ・Ice Age vs. No Ice Age
   ・Glacial/Interglacial periods fluctuations
   ・Climate change after the last glacial period

Course will be offered in the second semester within 14 classes, one examination and one feedback class.
Evaluation Methods and Policy Students are able to (1) demonstrate understanding of basic geological processes and relationships at global to local scale including how this knowledge can be applied to issues of relevance to Japan; 2) identify and interpret common geological features and processes within the Earth System context and (3) demonstrate an understanding of the complex Earth System and its processes at a regional and global scale now, in the past, and in the future. The evaluation method comprises (1) an in class assigment (40%) and (2) written examination during the official examination term (60%).
Course Requirements None
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) This course has been designed to allow students to integrate the concepts covered in lectures with own readings. A joint group project is developed by students based on data from a range of sources. Students will be supported throughout the project by discussions with your lecturer and associated students.
Textbooks Textbooks/References Instruction is given during class.
References, etc. Instruction is given during class.
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