7231011Linguistics (Special Lectures)

Numbering Code G-LET29 67231 LJ37 Year/Term 2021 ・ Intensive, First semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type special lecture
Target Year Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Intensive
Instructor name MATSUOKA KAZUMI (Part-time Lecturer)
MAEGAWA KAZUMI (Part-time Lecturer)
Outline and Purpose of the Course We will learn the outline of the basic structure of the Ainu language, and use that knowledge to read texts in Ainu literature. By experiencing actual speech, this will allow us to imagine, as specifically as possible, the essence of the Ainu language. As well as acquiring practical fundamental knowledge of the Ainu language, we will also use a linguistic perspective to learn about fields such as speech, phonemes, forms, syntax, meaning, and history: what kinds of interesting phenomena are there? How have these been interpreted and studied? What kinds of problems have arisen in previous studies? What kind of thinking leads to solutions? What are some of the unsolved issues? By analyzing the language of the Ainu, we aim to convey that minority language studies, which at a glance may seem unrelated to general problems, are actually both useful for understanding large linguistic questions and comprise an important field in allowing us to experience the fascination and importance of language in general.
Course Goals Understand the fundamental structures of the Ainu language and be able to understand easy texts. Improve understanding of methodologies and topics in minority language studies by tracing the development of Ainu language studies. Furthermore, cultivate the ability to apply methods for describing languages, as well as linguistic thought processes for actual languages, by coming into contact with examples of Ainu language analyses.
Schedule and Contents Week 1: Ainu Overview and Speech
Week 2: Ainu Phonemes (Phonemes and Lexicon Phonology)
Week 3: Ainu Accents (Accent Rules and Syllables)
Week 4: Ainu Fundamental Syntax (Verb Types)
Week 5: Ainu Particles
Week 6: Ainu Verbs (Person, Number)
Week 7: Ainu Verbs (Transitive and Intransitive)
Week 8: Ainu Nouns (Affiliation Forms)
Week 9: Ainu Nouns (Location Nouns)
Week 10: Ainu Nouns (Formal Nouns and Nominalization Words)
Week 11: Uncertainty and the Passive Voice
Week 12: Structure of Adnominal Forms
Week 13: Conjugation and Composite Nouns
Week 14: Reading Texts
Week 15: Summary and Future Challenges
Evaluation Methods and Policy Class participation, reports
Course Requirements None
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Read the distributed printouts, check the question items, and ask questions during or after class. We expect students to bring interesting questions.
Textbooks Textbooks/References Other; printouts will be distributed.
References, etc. Other; 田村すず子 (1988)「アイヌ語」『言語学大辞典第一巻』東京: 三省堂; this book is in the library, so students are recommended to refer to it as necessary.