1633006Indological Studies (Special Lectures)

Numbering Code G-LET13 61633 LJ36 Year/Term 2021 ・ First semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type special lecture
Target Year Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Tue.3
Instructor name FUKUYAMA YASUKO (Part-time Lecturer)
Outline and Purpose of the Course This course will focus on the Ajanta Caves, one of India's rock cave temple complexes that retains highly impressive carvings, paintings, and plentiful inscriptions. We will examine the rock caves' open spatial structure, various aspects of contributions evident in the inscription data, the iconic characteristics of the various Buddhist narrative illustrations, and transformations of the view of Buddha through comparisons of writing samples from other regions and descriptions in sutras. We will also explore Ajanta's historical background based on the representation of various ethnic groups in the wall paintings. Additionally, we will refer to reappraisals of Ajanta in Japanese modern art and modern Buddhism.
Course Goals To understand the state of ancient Indian Buddhism, the realities of religious belief at the time, and its historical background, not by depending on textual materials, but by adding plastic arts materials to read and understand with a diversified perspective.
Schedule and Contents 1. Introduction: an overview of Indian rock cave temples
2. Ajanta: an outline of rock cave temples (1)
3. Ajanta: an outline of rock cave temples (2)
4. History told by inscriptions, and aspects of benefactors
5. A comparative study of Buddhist narrative illustrations and the Vinaya (1)
6. A comparative study of Buddhist narrative illustrations and the Vinaya (2)
7. A comparative study of Buddhist narrative illustrations and the Vinaya (3)
8. Transformations of the view of Buddha shown in the Buddhist story "Miracle at Sravasti"
9. Rock cave spaces and the arrangement of Buddhist story motifs
10. Aspects of circle of transmigration illustrations
11. Functions of yakshas and bodhisattvas in rock cave temples
12. Different ethnic groups in wall paintings and their roles
13. Ancient Indian customs in wall paintings: buildings, attire, food
14. Chance meetings between Japanese people and Ajanta in the modern era
15. Summary and review
Evaluation Methods and Policy Assessments are based on class participation such as actively joining discussions (50 points) and reports (50 points).
Course Requirements None
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Prepare ahead of time using the indicated reference texts and review lecture contents after class.
Textbooks Textbooks/References Other, data will be presented depending on class content.
References, etc. Schlingloff, D. 『Studies in the Ajanta Paintings-Identifications and Interpretations-』 (Ajanta Publications, 1985), Schlingloff, D and M. Zin 『Ajanta-Handbuch der Malereien』 (Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz Verlag, 2003)