Higher Education in Society

Numbering Code G-EDU50 56403 LJ47 Year/Term 2021 ・ First semester
Number of Credits Course Type special lecture
Target Year Master's students Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Mon.2
Instructor name SATO MACHI (Center for the Promotion of Excellence in Higher Education Associate Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course The relationship between universities and society changes depending on the era. This course focuses on reforms in postwar Japanese university education to consider changes in the position of the university within society and ways of looking at the relationship between the university and society.
Course Goals ・Be able to explain the basic circumstances of postwar university education reform
・Be able to consider social circumstances of different eras
・Be able to formulate questions for discussing phenomena from multi-faceted perspectives
Schedule and Contents Class 1 Orientation
   Explanation of course aims, course outline, and subject matter. Outline of the connections between universities and society and higher education research. Assess students’ concerns.

Class 2-3 Checking Trends in Higher Education Research by Looking at Keywords
   The role of universities changed dramatically in the postwar period. As this gave rise to numerous issues, the field of higher education research gradually became a practice and research target for researchers from many fields and thus became academically systematized. We will look at historical trends in the targets of higher education research and the differences in perspectives among academic fields.

Class 4-5 The Appearance of New Universities
   What were the “new universities” introduced under the postwar occupation by the American GHQ? How was the relationship between university and society defined at the new universities, and what kind of system was introduced in practice? We will consider the impact of the relationship on modern universities, based on historical facts and previous research.

Class 6-8 Report Reading
   The main reports cited on higher education from before the 1991 deregulation of the Standards for Establishment of Universities are the 1963 report, the 1971 report, and the Standards for Establishment of Universities Deregulation (the 1990 report). We will use these reports as examples of representations of the relationship between the university and society and read them in the context of their historical backdrops.

Class 9-10 Scholarship Paradigms
   We will discuss the impact of the development of learning theory on university education.

Class 11-13 Producing New Knowledge (Mode 2 Science)
   We will look at real-world examples as we discuss the impact of new knowledge production on university education/research and its relationship with society.

Class 14-15 Student Presentations and Discussion
   We will discuss research questions that should be investigated in order to consider the future relationship between the university and society.
Evaluation Methods and Policy 【Grading Method】
In-class assignments (short papers, presentations, group activities) 40%, final paper 60%
【Grading Policy】 Students will be evaluated based on achievement goals under the Graduate School of Education grading policy.
Course Requirements None
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) ・This course is mainly discussion-based. Therefore, students must put effort into the assignments given in class.
Textbooks Textbooks/References Instructed during class
References, etc. 苅谷剛彦 『知的複眼思考法』 (講談社) ISBN: 978-4062072281 2002年出版