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230 - Blow-up, compactness and (partial) regularity in Partial Differential Equations, 2017

Blow-up, compactness and (partial) regularity in Partial Differential Equations

Blow-up, compactness and (partial) regularity in Partial Differential Equations

Christophe Prange
CNRS Researcher

Dec. 11, 2017
Room110, Graduate School of Science Bldg No 3

Lecture Video

Course Description

The question of whether solutions of Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) are regular or not is central in the field. One of the most famous problems is the existence of smooth solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations in fluid mechanics, or the finite time break down of regularity (millennium problem of the Clay Institute).

The scope of this lecture series is much more modest. Methods based on blow-up and compactness are powerful tools to establish regularity for linear PDEs or partial regularity for nonlinear PDEs. These methods, which originated in the study of the regularity of minimal surfaces in the 60‘s, have been successfully applied to other subjects: regularity in homogenization, in the calculus of variations or in fluid mechanics. More specifically, the lectures will focus on two topics: (i) uniform estimates in the homogenization of linear elliptic divergence form equations, (ii) epsilon-regularity results for the Navier-Stokes equations. The material presented in the course is well-known to the PDE community since the late 90's. However, the results have been celebrated as breakthroughs and are still inspiring new mathematical developments today, some of which will be outlined.

Summary of the content:
1. Improved regularity in homogenization: compactness methods for uniform Lipschitz regularity, Liouville type theorems for equations with periodic coefficients
2. Epsilon-regularity for Navier-Stokes equations