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現在位置: ホーム シラバス(2019年度) 経営管理大学院 Specialized Subjects International Agribusiness Studies

International Agribusiness Studies

JA | EN

科目ナンバリング
  • P-MGT75 60430 LE44
開講年度・開講期 前期
授業形態 講義
配当学年 1.2
対象学生 Graduate
使用言語 英語
曜時限 月3・4
教員
  • 久野 秀二(経済学研究科)
授業の概要・目的 The overarching theme of this course is how to investigate and understand the power of business as a political actor and how to address and improve the human rights accountability of transnational agri-food corporations. In the previous semesters, we focused on (1) the general framework of global governance of food from a human-rights perspective, (2) existing and probable economic, legal and political tools (including CSR initiatives, social and environmental standards and certification schemes, and NGO-business interactions) to hold TNCs accountable for their negative impacts on society and the environment, and (3) the market concentration and political power of corporate actors in the food system. In this semester, we are going to learn the conceptual framework of the commodity chain and critically examine how the social relationships (interactions between actors) that structure food commodity chains and the modes of governance that regulate these relationships/interactions can be analysed.

This course is designed for any and all students with an interest in the globally pressing issues of agriculture and food governance, as well as transnational corporations in developing countries, from a wide range of social scientific perspectives: including international political economy, international relations, international law, agricultural economics, rural sociology, development studies, civil society studies, and so on. The primary language of instruction and discussions is English.
到達目標 Students are expected to learn different theoretical perspectives and approaches of commodity chain analysis; how they can be used to understand complexities, contingencies and contradictions of the global agri-food system in general and within and across the system of actual agri-food commodities in specific. Students are also expected to obtain a critical insight into whatever contested issues over the whole process of production, distribution, marketing and consumption of agri-food commodities.
授業計画と内容 This course consists of 7 classes (on alternate Mondays), each of which is held from 13:30 till about 16:30.

In the first class, a sketch of the development of critical agri-food studies will be given as a background of commodity chain analyses.
-- Buttel, F. H. (1996) ‘Theoretical issues in global agri-food restructuring’. In: D. Burch, R. E. Rickson and G. Lawrence eds. Globalization and Agri-Food Restructuring, Avebury.
-- Buttel, F. H. (2001) ‘Some reflections on late twentieth century agrarian political economy’, Sociologia Ruralis 41 (2): 165-181.
-- Goodman, D. and E. M. DuPuis (2002) ‘Knowing Food and Growing Food: Beyond the Production-Consumption Debate in the Sociology of Agriculture’, Sociologia Ruralis 42(1): 5-22.

In the second class, we will learn one of the most influential approaches of commodity chain analyses, a Commodity Systems Analysis framework developed by William H. Friedland, and examine how this approach has challenged us to look into commodities and commodity chains from a social relations perspective, while also being challenged by other approaches.
-- Friedland, W. H. (1984) ‘Commodity systems analysis: an approach to the sociology of agriculture’, Research in Rural Sociology and Development 1: 221-235.
-- Friedland, W. H. (2001) ‘Reprise on Commodity Systems Methodology’, International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 9 (1): 82-103.
-- Friedland, W. H. (2005) ‘Commodity systems: Forward to comparative analysis’. In N. Fold and B. Pritchard (eds), Cross-continental Food Chains, Routledge: 25-38.

In the third class, we will relativise and enrich our understanding of commodity chain analyses (including Friedland’s commodity systems analysis) by broadening disciplinary perspectives and methodologies, especially taking into consideration the literature in geographical and cultural studies.
-- Collins, J. L. (2005) ‘New Directions in Commodity Chain Analysis of Global Development Processes’, Research in Rural Sociology and Development 11 (New Directions in the Sociology of Global Development): 3-17.
-- Hughes, A. and S. Reimer (2004) ‘Introduction’. In A. Hughes and S. Reimer (eds), Geographies of Commodity Chains, Routledge: 1-16.
-- Challies, E. R. T. (2008) ‘Commodity Chains, Rural Development and the Global Agri-food System’, Geography Compass 2(2): 375-394.

In the fourth to seventh classes, we will take some specific commodities as examples to dig deep into complexities and contradictions of globally expanding agri-food commodity chains. There are tentatively three options:
A) Pritchard, B. and D. Burch (2003) Agri-Food Globalization in Perspective: International Restructuring in the Processing Tomato Industry, Ashgate.
B) Hughes and S. Reimer eds. (2004) Geographies of Commodity Chains, Routledge.
C) Weir, K. A. (2014) From Jicama to Jackfruit: The Global Political Economy of Food, Paradigm Publishers.

In each class one or two students are assigned to prepare an analytical summary (see below) of required reading materials. Any participating students can present anything additional but closely relevant to the reading materials in order to deepen and/or critically review the arguments.

At the end of the semester, there will be a wrap-up session to reflect on what the participants will have learned throughout the course, either as an extra class or as the extension of the final class.
成績評価の方法・観点 Class participation and discussion (70%) / Assignment report (30%)
履修要件 This course is designed as a graduate seminar, in which not only fresh master students but also second-year master students as well as doctoral students who have regularly participated in the course in the previous years are expected to join. Therefore, the following books among others, that have been used in the previous years, are highly recommended to read in advance so that new participants can catch up with other "old" members.
-- Nora McKeon (2015) Food Security Governance: Empowering communities, regulating corporations. Routledge.
-- Philip H. Howard (2016) Concentration and Power in the Food System: Who Controls What We Eat? Bloomsbury.

There will be an intensive course given by Philip. H. Howard in the second and third weeks, tentatively in the 1st and 2nd periods on 9th, 11th, 12th and 16th of July (coordinated by the Natural Resource Economics Division of the Graduate School of Agriculture). The participants of our course are highly encouraged to join this intensive course as well.
授業外学習(予習・復習)等 Students are required to read the assigned articles and book chapters for each class as well as other relevant reading materials so that they will be able to actively participate in discussions.
教科書
  • Agri-Food Globalization in Perspective: International Restructuring in the Processing Tomato Industry, Pritchard, B. and D. Burch, (Ashgate, 2003),
  • Geographies of Commodity Chains, Hughes and S. Reimer eds., (Routledge, 2004),
  • From Jicama to Jackfruit: The Global Political Economy of Food, Weir, K. A., (Paradigm Publishers, 2014),