Laboratory Work in Physics B4

Numbering Code U-SCI00 33286 SJ57 Year/Term 2021 ・ First semester
Number of Credits 5 Course Type topics seminar
Target Year 3rd year students or above Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Mon.3・4・5
Instructor name MAENO YOSHITERU (Graduate School of Science Professor)
ISHIDA KENJI (Graduate School of Science Professor)
YONEZAWA SHINGO (Graduate School of Science Associate Professor)
KITAGAWA SHUNSAKU (Graduate School of Science Assistant Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course In this exercise, you will learn basic physical properties related to electrons in solids, such as superconductivity, through experiments and seminars. In fact, it can be said that the behavior of electrons dominates many properties of solids. In solid-state physics, various physical phenomena exhibited by various substances are the subject of research, and these phenomena are caused by the influence of a large number of constituent particles (for example, electrons and atoms) on each other. Famous theoretical physicist Philip Anderson's words, "More is different",
show that even simple components can interact in a large number to show dramatic behavior that is unexpected in general. This is the real pleasure of solid-state physics.

In the experiments of this exercise, we actually synthesize a copper oxide high-temperature superconductor and measure its electrical and magnetic properties at low temperatures. Seminars aim to deepen understanding of electronic physical properties by selecting contents related to experiments. I also want to emphasize the technique of reports and oral presentations as a means to convey the experiments they have conducted to a third party.
Course Goals To understand superconductivity, which is a remarkable quantum mechanical phenomenon of electrons in solids
To understand the important role of the crystal structure of materials as a stage for superconductivity
To learn the basic experimental skills necessary for low-temperature physical properties experiments and material synthesis
To learn the skills necessary for research, such as writing reports, oral presentations, and searching for literatures.
Schedule and Contents After the synthesis of YBa2Cu3O7-x, we will perform experiments in two groups: one group "the variation of crystal structure and superconductivity due to oxygen deficiency of YBa2Cu3O7-x", and the other group "the variation of crystal structure and superconductivity by element substitution”
The seminar will be based on Chapter 10 of "Introduction to Solid State Physics 8th Ed." by C. Kittel.
Course Requirements electromagnetism, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and quantum mechanics
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) All students are expected to prepare for the seminar.
Preparation for the first and final presentations and report writing will be done outside of class time.
In addition, students will be instructed to study outside of class time as necessary, including the analysis of experimental data.
Textbooks Textbooks/References e.g. C. Kittel, “Introduction to Solid State Physics” (8th ed., John-Wiley, 2005).
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