5231002 History of Western Philosophy

Numbering Code U-LET02 35231 LJ34 Year/Term 2021 ・ Intensive, First semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type special lecture
Target Year Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Intensive
Instructor name iwata naoya (Part-time Lecturer)
Outline and Purpose of the Course "Analysis" has remained one of the most important philosophies in the history of Western philosophy from ancient times to the present. However, for its origins, we may look back to methods for uncovering the premise of a proposition and then constructing proof used in ancient Greek geometry. Thus, Plato was the first philosopher to accept this method of geometric analysis in exploring his own philosophy.

In this course, we shall first summarize how "analytical" methods were used from ancient to early modern times prior to the rise of modern analytical philosophy. Then, we shall explore how the two main concepts of analysis thus identified ("reverse engineering" and "decompositional analysis") originated from the acceptance of the geometric analytical method by Plato. The point of doing so is to focus on the relationship between Plato's middle period dialogue on his "Method of (reverse) hypothesis" and his second period dialogue "Method of synthesis and division" (decomposition) .The purpose of this is to provide a comprehensive viewpoint of Plato's above two philosophical methods, and the earliest philosophical trends in analytical methods and analytical concepts.

Furthermore, this class shall include discussion based upon reading comprehension of primary sources (translations allowed), and thus require the active participation of attendees.
Course Goals ・ Able to understand how analytical methods were used in Western philosophical history.
・ Able to comprehensively understand Plato's different philosophical methods from the viewpoint of analytical methods.
・Able to critically consider different possible interpretations based upon reading comprehension of primary sources.
Schedule and Contents 1st day: Summary of analytical methods from Ancient to Early Modern period
1st session: Explanation by lecturer
2nd: Discussion between participants
3rd:Sharing of discussions

2nd day: Method of hypothesis in Meno and Phaedo
4th:Explanation by lecturer
5th: Discussion between participants
6th:Sharing of discussions

3rd day: The search for a definition of "good" and the method of hypothesis in The Republic
7th:Explanation by lecturer
8th: Discussion between participants
9th:Sharing of discussions

4th day: The paradox of searching for definitions and the theory of anamnesis
10th:Explanation by lecturer
11th: Discussion between participants
12th:Sharing of discussions

5th day: Method of synthesis and division
13th:Explanation by lecturer
14th: Discussion between participants
15th:Sharing of discussions
Evaluation Methods and Policy Evaluated overall according to total of topic-based reaction papers (one topic per day), contribution to class discussions (20%) and final paper (60%).
Course Requirements None
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Reaction paper topics and literature tables will be distributed in advanced, so please look them over before starting intensive courses.

Also, please summarize each day's explanations and discussion content for review, and make use of them in conceiving paper topics.
Textbooks Textbooks/References not used
References, etc. Other, the following two sources are ideal for understanding the overall image of the course.

Beaney, Michael, "Analysis", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2018/entries/analysis/>.

Benson, H. H., (2015), Clitophon's Challenge: Dialectic in Plato's Meno, Phaedo, and Republic, Oxford University Press, New York.