3141008 Greek and Latin Classics

Numbering Code U-LET15 33141 SJ36 Year/Term 2021 ・ First semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type Seminar
Target Year Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Tue.3
Instructor name HAYASE ATSUSHI (Graduate School of Letters Associate Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course In this course we read Plato's (424/3-348/7 BC) /Cratylus/ in the Greek original and discuss it in Japanese. The /Cratylus/, written by Plato presumably in his relatively early age, is a dialogue which discusses the correctness of names. It is one of the earliest texts that show interest in the fields of linguistics and the philosophy of language. Three characters appear in this dialogue: Cratylus, Hermogenes, and Socrates. Cratylus claims that the correctness of names is determined by nature, while Hermogenes thinks that it is determined by our agreement or custom. Socrates, who is asked to adjudicate their disagreement, sets out to investigate the issue in depth, but many pages of the dialogue are simply dedicated to the etymological analysis of the names of Greek gods, various ethical or psychological phenomena, and the like.

The purpose of this seminar is to understand Plato's /Cratylus/ in both its philological and philosophical aspects.
Course Goals At the end of the term students will be able (1) accurately to translate Ancient Greek texts into Japanese at the intermediate to advanced level, (2) to analyse the structure of complex philosophical arguments, and (3) effectively to use commentaries and studies written in modern languages in order to understand Greek texts.
Schedule and Contents In the 1st introductory session, the lecturer will give general guidelines for class participation. From the 2nd to the 14th session, we will carefully read and discuss the /Cratylus/ from 416a7, using the Oxford Classical Text and working our way through about 2 pages per session. Each participant should translate a section (usually about 15 lines) of the Greek text assigned by the lecturer into Japanese. (Note that a participant should try to translate the text in class; he or she should not read out prepared, written translation.) We may occasionally pause and analyse the structure of important sections. In the 15th session, we will review the text and the interpretative problems we have encountered in the course.

The seminar is organised as follows:
The 1st session: Introduction
The 2nd session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 416a7-417b5
The 3rd session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 417b6-418d3
The 4th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 418d4-419e1
The 5th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 419e1-421b1
The 6th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 421b1-422c6
The 7th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 422c7-423d6
The 8th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 423d7-425a5
The 9th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 425a5-426d3
The 10th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 426d3-428a5
The 11th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 428a6-429c6
The 12th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 429c7-430d7
The 13th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 430d8-432a4
The 14th session: Reading and Discussing the /Cratylus/ 432a5-433b11
The 15th session: Review
Evaluation Methods and Policy Students grades will be weighed according to the following scheme:
Active participation: 60%
Understanding the text: 40%
Course Requirements Basic reading skills of Ancient Greek are required.
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Keep in mind that it might take a long time to prepare for the class in advance.
Textbooks Textbooks/References /Platonis Opera/ Tomus I (Oxford Classical Text)., Duke, E. A. et al., (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.)
References, etc. /The Cratylus of Plato/., Francesco, Ademollo., (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.)
/Plato's Cratylus/., Sedley, David., (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.)