1633006 Indological Studies

Numbering Code U-LET13 31633 LJ36 Year/Term 2021 ・ First semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type special lecture
Target Year Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Tue.3
Instructor name FUKUYAMA YASUKO (Part-time Lecturer)
Outline and Purpose of the Course In this class, we shall focus upon the Ajanta Buddhist caves, Indian cave temples where many majestic sculptures, paintings, and inscriptions remain. We shall discuss the devotional elements seen in inscriptions, the visual characteristics of various Buddhist narrative paintings, and changes in how the Buddha was viewed, and comparatively study them against examples from other regions and descriptions in scripture. Furthermore, we shall examine the historical background of Ajanta as expressed by different ethnic groups in its murals. Additionally, we will look at the reevaluation of Ajanta in modern Japanese art and Buddhism.
Course Goals Able to understand the actual beliefs of the time and their historical background through an in-depth reading of ancient Indian Buddhism from multiple perspectives; using not only available literature but modeled materials.
Schedule and Contents 1. Introduction - Indian cave temples outline
2. Ajanta cave temples overview (1)
3. Ajanta cave temples overview (2)
4. History and adherents as described in inscriptions
5. Comparative study of Buddhist narrative paintings and Sutras and Vinayas (1)
6. Comparative study of Buddhist narrative paintings and Sutras and Vinayas (2)
7. Comparative study of Buddhist narrative paintings and Sutras and Vinayas (3)
8. Changes in views of the Buddha as seen in the biography Miracles of Shravasti
9. Juxtaposition of cave spaces and main themes of biographies of the Buddha
10. The cycle of life and death
11. Function of Yaksha and Bodhisattva in cave temples
12. Different ethnic groups seen in murals and their roles
13. Ancient Indian customs seen in murals - buildings, clothing, food
14. Encounters between Ajanta and the Japanese
15. Conclusion
Evaluation Methods and Policy Evaluated based upon performance according to active participation in discussions (50 points) and papers (50 points).
Course Requirements None
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Prepare in advanced with presented reference literature, and review course content after class.
Textbooks Textbooks/References Other, present data according to class content.
References, etc. Schlingloff, D., Studies in the Ajanta Paintings-Identifications and Interpretations- (Ajanta Publications, 1985), Schlingloff, D and M. Zin, Ajanta-Handbuch der Malereien (Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz Verlag, 2003)