1633010 Indological Studies

Numbering Code U-LET13 31633 LJ36 Year/Term 2021 ・ Intensive, First semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type special lecture
Target Year Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Intensive
Instructor name YAHAMATA TOMOYUKI (Part-time Lecturer)
Outline and Purpose of the Course Apabhramsa is the latest language of the Middle Indo-Aryan languages, and it was used in many Jain literary works, especially from the 9th to the 12th century. A significant genre of Jain literature is Hagiographical literature. Their general plots are common to Hindu Rama and Krishna narratives. However, there are many elements unique to the works of Jains.

After an overview of Apabhramsa grammar and Jain literature, we will read two texts. The texts we will be reading are Paumacariu by Svayambhu (9th-10th century) and Mahapurana by Puspadanta (10th century), both of which are notable works of early Apabramsa literature. The former is a Jain Rama story, and the latter is a hagiography dealing with all the 63 great men of Jain mythology.
We will compare the Rama and Krishna narratives of Hindu tradition with Jain narrative works and discuss how and why Jains adopted these stories as the main elements of their literature.
Course Goals Students will acquire the ability to read Apabhramsa and to use Jain Apabhramsa literature in their research. They will also understand why Jains has incorporated Rama's and Krishna's narratives in common with Hinduism.
Schedule and Contents Class 1 Overview of Apabhramsa grammar and reference books for reading
Class 2 Rama in Jain Narratives
Class 3 Paumacariu, Sandhi 12.1-6
Class 4 Paumacariu, Sandhi 12.7-12
Class 5 Paumacariu, Sandhi 36.1-6
Class 6 Paumacariu, Sandhi 36.7-13
Class 7 Paumacariu, Sandhi 41.5-11
Class 8 Paumacariu, Sandhi 54.1-7
Class 9 Paumacariu, Sandhi 54.8-14
Class 10 Krishna in Jain Narratives
Class 11 Mahapurana, Sandhi 88.1-4
Class 12 Mahapurana, Sandhi 88.5-9
Class 13 Mahapurana, Sandhi 88.10-14
Class 14 Mahapurana, Sandhi 88.15-19
Class 15 Mahapurana, Sandhi 88.20-24

The lecture schedule will be communicated through KULASIS in early May.
Evaluation Methods and Policy Performance in class.
Course Requirements Basic ability of Sanskrit literacy. It is helpful to know Maharashtri Prakrit.
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Students should prepare their translation of the text before the class.
Textbooks Textbooks/References The reading material will be distributed in photocopies. Main editions and translations of the texts are listed below.

Paumacariu:
Bhayani, H. C., Paumacariu, Bharatiya Jnanapith Publication, Varanasi, 1958-1970.
Nagal, Shantilal, Jain Ramayana-Paumacaryu, B.R. Publishing Corporation, Delhi, 2002.
De Clercq, Eva, Een kritische studie van Svayambhudeva's Paumacariu, Gent, Universiteit Gent, 2003.
De Clercq, Eva, The Life of Padma, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2018.

Mahapurana:
Puspadanta, Mahapurana, vol.1-5, Edited by P. L. Vaidya, Translation by Devendra Kumar Jain, New Delhi, Bharatiya Jnanpith Publication, 1979-1999.
References, etc. Historical Grammar of Apabhramsa, Ganesh Vasudev Tagare, (Motilal Banarsidass, 1987), ISBN:9788120802902
Apabhramsa Grammar and Composition, Kamal Chand Sogani, (Apabhramsa Sahitya Academy, 2005)
The Apabhramsa of Svayambhudeva's Paumacariu, Eva De Clercq, (Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2010), ISBN:9788188769469
Other grammar books and dictionaries are to be explained in the first class.
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