Practical on Anatomy and Osteology

Numbering Code G-SCI54 59654 PB70
G-SCI54 59654 PB69
G-SCI54 59654 PB22
Year/Term 2021 ・ Intensive, Second semester
Number of Credits 1 Course Type Lecture
Target Year Master's students Target Student
Language Japanese and English Day/Period Intensive
Instructor name HIRASAKI EISHI (Primate Research Institute Associate Professor)
NISHIMURA TAKESHI (Primate Research Institute Associate Professor)
ITO TSUYOSHI (Primate Research Institute Assistant Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course Basic primate morphology will be taught using a combined approach of comparative osteology and anatomy. By using modern comparative mammal specimens including humans, students will learn how to identify skeletal parts, how to compare morphological characteristics among species, various techniques on measurements and analyses, and how to interpret archeological and paleontological remain assemblages. In addition, the course participant will learn the essential of gross anatomy of the musculoskeletal system using primate cadavers.
Course Goals In the osteological practice, students make observation on real skeletal specimens. Through this experience, this class aims to help students to understand basic ideas on 1) skeletal structure and its function in body system, 2) measurement and analytical methods and purpose of comparative analyses, and 3) management of specimen collections for research.
Goals of the anatomical practice are 1) to provide a foundation of the fundamental concepts and terminology of the anatomy of the primate body and 2) to understand the relationships between forms and functions.
Schedule and Contents The contents of the class may vary depending on previous experience/knowledge of each student and the number of students in the class.

Osteological practice:
Students learn basic osteology using skeletal specimens stored at Primate Research Institute; then, they get an overview of observation methods of bone morphology, comparative analyses, and objectives of analyses.
1) Osteology - basic structure of bones and skeletons; developmental change, pathology, sexual dimorphism.
2) Comparison among various mammals - dentognathic morphology and diet; postcranial morphology and locomotion (body movement); cranial morphology and sensory organ.
3) Preparation, registration, and storage method of specimens.
4) Measurement and analytical methods of bones.
5) Introduction to acquisition of three-dimensional data.
6) Collection and observation of fossil specimens.

Anatomical practice:
Students learn basic gross anatomy of primate using cadavers housed in Primate Research Institute.
1) Introduction to basic techniques for anatomy
2) Observation and identification of muscle, nerve and vascular system
i) trunk; ii) head and neck; iii) forelimb and shoulder girdle; iv) hind limb and pelvic girdle
3) Introduction to motion analysis methods
Course Requirements Those who wants to take this course has to take the class "Fundamental Primate Evolution and Phylogeny" beforehand.
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Not assigned.