Social epidemiology

Numbering Code Year/Term 2021 ・ First semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type Lecture
Target Year Professional degree students Target Student
Language Japanese and English Day/Period Mon.3
Instructor name KONDO NAOKI (Graduate School of Medicine Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course  In addition to the high-risk approach to individuals at high risk of illness/diseases, the population approach to improve the social environment surrounding individuals has become a major trend in public health. In the population approach, it is necessary to consider the differences in the social background of individuals and the resulting health inequalities. By formulating a strategy based on health inequalities, further effects and efficient resource utilization can be expected.

In this course, you will learn the basic theories and analytical methods of social epidemiology necessary for such activities. Social epidemiology is a field of epidemiology that describes the social distribution of health events (= grasping the current state of health inequalities) and explores the role of the social environment and social systems as disease risk factors / health promotion factors. Social epidemiology also develops methods to reduce health inequalities and assesses their effectiveness. By doing this, we aim to contribute to the realization of a healthy society in which no one is left behind.

After the lectures on the main themes by Prof. Naoki Kondo, Leading experts in the field provide the lectures on their specific topics.
Course Goals 1. Understand the perspective of social epidemiology.
2. Understand the types, evaluation methods, and actual conditions of the main social determinants of health.
3. Understand the related theories of relevant disciplines such as sociology, economics, ethics, behavioral science, and social psychology.
4. Understand the basics of health inequalities assessment methods
5. Understand the basics of how to control health inequalities
6. Have your own awareness and opinion on public health actions and clinical application of social epidemiology.
Schedule and Contents The following schedule is subject to change.

1. 4/12 An introduction of social epidemiology
2. 4/19 Socio-economic status
3. 4/26 Poverty and social exclusion
4. 5/10 Social disparity
5. 5/17 Cognitive science and political philosophy of inequality
6. 5/24 Social relationships (Daisuke Takagi, the University of Tokyo)
7. 5/31 Social capital
8. 6/7 Gender (Kaori Honjo, Osaka Medical College)
9. 6/14 Lifecourse epidemiology (Takeo Fujiwara, Tokyo Medical and Dental University)
10.6/21 Measurement of health inequalities (Maho Haseda)
11.6/28 Multiple level phenomenon understanding and data analysis
12.7/5 Construction environment (Daisuke Takagi, the University of Tokyo)
13.7/12 Managing health inequalities: Approaching the community
14.7/19 Managing health inequalities: Applications of behavioral science
15.7/26 Review & feedback
Evaluation Methods and Policy Attendance / lecture quiz 40%, report 60%

Report assignments will be presented during the course.

About the report:
* Up to 2 pages(A4).
* Deadline: Noon one week after each lecture day
* Specify the assignment name, student ID number, and submission date.
* When quoting data, phrases, etc., be sure to indicate the source of them. The list of cited materials should be listed at the end. Copying and pasting long sentences from the Internet is prohibited (for charts and data, it is possible to specify the citation source).
Course Requirements None
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Reading course materials before the class is recommended
Textbooks Textbooks/References 社会と健康: 健康格差解消に向けた統合科学的アプローチ, 川上憲人・橋本英樹・近藤尚己(編著), (東大出版会, 2015), ISBN:978-4-13-060411-6, In Japanese
References, etc. Social Epidemiology 2nd Edition, Lisa F. Berkman, Ichiro Kawachi, and M. Maria Glymour, (Oxford, 2014), ISBN:9780195377903
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