Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Numbering Code P-PUB01 8H070 LB90 Year/Term 2021 ・ Intensive, First semester
Number of Credits 1 Course Type Lecture
Target Year Professional degree students Target Student
Language Japanese and English Day/Period Intensive
Instructor name NISHIURA HIROSHI (Graduate School of Medicine Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course This module clearly explains fundamental concepts of infectious disease epidemiology and sets out the analytical methods employed in public health practice. The contents of the lecture series covers the concept/definition of various epidemiological measurements, assessment of the spread and control of infectious diseases using a variety of statistical methods, statistical estimation of key epidemiological indices, and introduces mathematical modeling of infectious diseases. This vast and important area of epidemiology is described in line with recent and ongoing health concerns such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, dengue, SARS and influenza.
Course Goals a. Explain two special characteristics of infectious diseases, b. Explain public health importance of asymptomatic infection
c. Describe and classify various epidemiological risks of infection and death, d. Describe the concept of herd immunity and its importance in public health practice and epidemiologic exercise, e. Describe the concept of early detection of outbreak in a sense of hypothesis testing, f. Describe the fundamental concept and method of using historical baseline, g. Explain how each of the following methods detects an outbreak: regression method, time series technique and scan statistic
Schedule and Contents Each session takes 90 minutes in total. First 60 minutes are spent for unidirectional lecture. Remaining 30 minutes are split into two parts, i.e., 15 minutes in-class assessment and 15 minutes scoring session plus Q&A.
1. Introduction: mechanisms and epidemiological measurements of infectious diseases
2. Natural history of infectious diseases
3. Measuring transmissibility and severity: Concept and definition
4. Outbreak investigation (1): active surveillance data
5. Estimating prevalence: Unobservable nature of infection event
6. Vaccine efficacy: Addressing dependent happening
7. Outbreak investigation (2): notification data
8. Tutorial, followed by exam
Evaluation Methods and Policy Attendance to a total of two-thirds of classes will be required to be eligible for final examination.
Evaluation is conducted by coursework (i.e. comprehension during the class) (30%) and examination (70%).
Course Requirements Have a background with basics of epidemiology (e.g. MPH core curriculum)
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) No specific preparation would be required. At the end of each session, we will have in-class assessment consisting of approximately 5-8 multiple choice questions.
Textbooks Textbooks/References No specific requirement of textbook to be brought to this module.
References, etc. Infectious Disease Epidemiology / Kendra E., M.d. Nelson : Jones & Bartlett Pub, 2013, ISBN:978-0763795337
Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Third Edition / Johan Giesecke : CRC Press, 2017, ISBN:978-1444180022