7431017Geography (Special Lectures)

Numbering Code G-LET31 67431 LJ39 Year/Term 2021 ・ Second semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type special lecture
Target Year Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Mon.5
Instructor name SUGIURA KAZUKO (Graduate School of Letters Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course This lecture introduces the history of geography from the late 18th century to the beginning of 20th ceutury, when geography was founded as a scientific discipline. The following three German geographers are explained: Alexander von Humboldt, Carl Ritter, and Ferdimand Freiherr von Richthofen. Humboldt and Ritter are considered the founders of modern geography, and Richthofen succeeded them. By explaining how their scientific methodology, regional study, and intersts in Asia, which are common elements among the three geographers, the close relationship of geographical researches with the political and social conditions in Europe is expected to be more deeply understood.
This lecture aims to enhance students' understanding the modern history of gepgraphy through reading various materials such as journey diaries, field notes, maps, collected materialsl, and so on.
Course Goals At the end of the course, participants are expected to learn following three points: (1) reading comprehension of materials. (2) assessment of research achievements based on the background of the times. (3) understanding the ancestors' creativity that is still suggesting research frontier even today.
Schedule and Contents The lecture plan is as follows:
(1) Introduction: Scientific activity centers in Europe from the 16th to 19th centuries (1 week)
(2) Three geographers in the 19th-century Berlin: Humboldt, Ritter, and Richthofen (1 week)
(3) Two expedition by Humboldt: South America and Russia (5 weeks)
(4) Humboldt and Ritter: their relation to Humboldt University of Berlin (2 weeks)
(5) Richthofen's scientific concern to China and Japan (4 weeks)
(6) Asian study and its significance during the 19th century (1 week)
(7) Foundation of modern geography (1 week)
Evaluation Methods and Policy The final grade will be evaluated according to the following process: usual performance (40 %) and reports (60%).
Course Requirements None
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) When extra learning outside the class is necessary, it will be announced in the class.