1644006Indological Studies

Numbering Code G-LET13 71644 SJ36 Year/Term 2021 ・ Second semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type Seminar
Target Year Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Thu.4
Instructor name HOUHARA AYAKO (Part-time Lecturer)
Outline and Purpose of the Course Jainism, a religion that is still practiced today through religious organizations in India, has origins that stretch back to the same period as the formation of Buddhism, and the two religions have much in common. Ardhamagadhi (Amg), used in the Jain Svetambara scriptures, is a Prakrit language (Middle Indian) with some resemblance to Pali. We will gain familiarity with Prakrit by reading texts written in Amg.
Course Goals To understand the characteristics of Prakrit, which has different phonetic changes and grammar from Sanskrit, by reading texts written in Ardhamagadhi. To learn to use references texts needed to investigate the meanings and forms of words.
Schedule and Contents Session 1: Outline of Ardhamagadhi, introduction of dictionaries and reference books, and to the Jain Svetambara sect that has transmitted Amg texts
Session 2: Vowel and consonant phonetic changes
Session 3: Noun changes
Session 4: Pronoun changes
Session 5: Conjugation of a-stem and e-stem verbs (present and future tense)
Session 6: Past tense, participles, etc.
Sessions 7~10: Chapter 1 of 『アーバッサヤ』 summarizing commonly recited fixed-form phrases and prose sections of Chapter 4 of 『ダサヴェーヤーリヤ』 discussing the five mahavratas, listing prohibited acts for monks
Sessions 11~14: Chapter 3 of 『ダサヴェーヤーリヤ』, listing prohibited acts for monks
Session 15: Overall summary, including topics remaining from the first 14 sessions
Evaluation Methods and Policy Class participation: remarks made in class (including translations to Japanese)
Course Requirements It is preferable that students study elementary Sanskrit grammar.
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Preparation: students with knowledge of Sanskrit should check the Sanskrit versions of the same grammatical points to be studied.
Review: check grammatical points after each class session.
Textbooks Textbooks/References Other, copies will be distributed.
渡辺研二 「アルダ・マーガディー語文法入門(1)--(3)」『ジャイナ教研究』第14-16号, 2008--2010.
F. van den Bossche. A Reference Manual of Middle Prakrit Grammar. Gent. 1999.
References, etc. Introduced during class