8231004Philosophy and History of Science (Special Lectures)

Numbering Code G-LET32 68231 LJ34 Year/Term 2021 ・ Second semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type special lecture
Target Year Target Student
Language English Day/Period Fri.2
Instructor name ISEDA TETSUJI (Graduate School of Letters Associate Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course There is a recent trend in philosophy, especially within the Anglo-American tradition, that reexamines the methodology of philosophy. The taken-for-granted tools in analytic philosophy, such as conceptual analysis and use of intuition have been the subject of re-examination, and more and more insights and methods in empirical sciences are incorporated into philosophy. We come to know the present state of reexamination of philosophical methodology in this class, and reconsider how we do philosophy.
Course Goals To understand what kind of philosophical methodology has been used, and what kind of proposals are made recently on that issue; to acquire the ability to examine various positions critically.
Schedule and Contents Part 1 historical background
1 logical empiricism
2 ordinary language approach
3 Wittgenstein's deflationism
4 philosophical nauralism
Part 2 reexamination of traditional methodology
5 reflective equilibrium
6 conceptual analysis
7 intuition
8 conceivability
Part 3 recent developments
9 modeling
10 experimental philosophy
11 neuroscience and philosophy
12 methodology in linguistics and philosophy
13 methods in philosophy of literature and film
14 feminism
15 wrap-up
Evaluation Methods and Policy The evaluation will be based on two papers (50% each). The points of view of the evaluation are the understanding of the content of the class and appropriate application of the understanding to concrete cases.
Course Requirements No background is required, but if you are not familiar with philosophy of science in general, please read some introductory book by yourself. Okasha's introductory book (Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction) is recommended.
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Participants are expected to read the assigned reading before each class to be able to take part in the class discussion.
Textbooks Textbooks/References Most of the readings are from the following book and will be distributed in the class.
Cappelen, H., Gendler, T.S. and Hawthorne, J., eds. (2016) The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Methodology. Oxford University Press.