International Business History

Numbering Code U-ECON00 20309 LJ38
U-ECON00 20309 LJ44
U-ECON00 20309 LJ43
Year/Term 2021 ・ Second semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type Lecture
Target Year From 2nd to 4th year students Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Fri.1
Instructor name SAKADE TAKESHI (School of Government Associate Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course In this class, we will discuss when, where, and how the “company,” which plays a central role in modern economic activity, originated. What kind of developmental path did companies follow and what will happen in the future? How will human resources that support companies transform in the future? To clarify these matters further, we have to unravel the history of corporate management. We need to look at the evolution of economic activity both in the modern era and since the Industrial Revolution, and much further back since the Middle Ages. The keywords in looking at the history of such corporate management are market, technology, strategy, organization, entrepreneur, management culture, and strategic product. I will explain Pax Britannica in the 19th century, Pax Americana in the 20th century, and the US-China hegemonic conflict in the 21st century according to Abe's concept of strategic commodity.
Course Goals In this course, students will learn about business strategy in inter-firm competition over “strategic commodities” in the context of Pax Britannica based on the Industrial Revolution (iron and steel and machine industries) in the 19th century, Pax Americana based on the Second Industrial Revolution (iron and steel, oil, chemical, and automobile industries) in the first half of the 20th century, the Japanese production system (Toyota Motor Corporation), and the era of mega-competition (electronics and IT revolutions, mergers and acquisitions in the automobile industry, and the semiconductor industry) since World War II. In this class, we will understand the US-Chinese hegemonic conflict over 5G networks, which is today's strategic commodity.
Schedule and Contents 1: Why do we need business history? (Textbook: Introduction, pp. 3?19)
2: Strategic products and the transition of economic hegemony (Textbook: Chapter 1, pp. 21? 52)
3: The birth of the company (Textbook: Chapter 2.1?2.2, pp. 53?74)
4: The Industrial Revolution in Britain (iron and steel and machine industries) (Textbook: Chapter 2.3?2.4, pp. 74?89)
5: From partnership to joint-stock company (Textbook: Chapter 2.5?2.6, pp. 89?99)
6: The establishment of big business (Textbook: Chapter 3.1?3.2, pp. 101?113)
7: America's Second Industrial Revolution (steel and oil industries) (Textbook: Chapter 3.3?3.4, pp. 114?131)
8: The Second Industrial Revolution in the US (Chemical and automobile industries) (Textbook: Chapter 3.5?3.7, pp. 132?151)
9: The Japanese production system (Toyota Motor Corporation) (Textbook: Chapter 4.1? 4.3, pp. 153?179)
10: GAFA vs BATH (1) Amazon
11: GAFA vs BATH (2) Apple
12: GAFA vs BATH (3) Google
13: GAFA vs BATH (4) Facebook
14: GAFA vs BATH (5) Baidu Alibaba
15: GAFA vs BATH (6) Tencent and Huawei
Evaluation Methods and Policy Quizzes: 30 points, examination: 70 points (subject to change based on the status of COVID-19 measures).
Course Requirements None
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) Preparation: Read the designated sections of the textbook in advance.
Review: Quizzes
Textbooks Textbooks/References Abe, E., 経営史(第2版) (Nikkei Inc., 2010) ISBN: 978-4532112189
References, etc. Galloway, S., GAFA 四騎士が創り変えた世界 (Toyo Keizai, 2018) ISBN: 978-4492503027; Tanaka, M., GAFA×BATH 米中メガテックの競争戦略 (Nikkei Inc., 2019) ISBN: 978-4532322656