Marine Biological Function

Numbering Code U-AGR01 3A251 LJ81 Year/Term 2021 ・ Second semester
Number of Credits 2 Course Type Lecture
Target Year 3rd year students Target Student
Language Japanese Day/Period Tue.1
Instructor name SATOU KENJI (Graduate School of Agriculture Professor)
Outline and Purpose of the Course Marine organisms live in a diverse environment much different from land, and their metabolism also differs greatly from terrestrial organisms. The aim of this course is to provide a basic understanding of these phenomena at the molecular level. Specifically, it outlines the metabolic system of mammals, including humans, clarifies the similarities and differences of the metabolic system of marine organisms (vertebrates and invertebrates) and that of mammals, and explains it is adapted to various environments.
Course Goals To develop the ability to understand the metabolism and biosynthesis of marine organisms by grasping that of the three major nutrients in humans. It also aims to provide an understanding of the characteristics of the body components of marine organisms.
Schedule and Contents 1. Carbohydrate digestion and absorption 
2. Carbohydrate metabolism 
3. Anaerobic carbohydrate metabolism in marine invertebrates. 
4. Types of lipids and their functions (Characteristics of plants, marine organisms, and animals) 
5. Lipid absorption and transport 
6. Lipid metabolism and synthesis (mainly due to the inability to synthesize polyunsaturated fatty acids in marine organisms) 
7. Lipid metabolism and physiological functions (functions of highly unsaturated fats derived from marine organisms) 
8. Metabolism and synthesis of amino acids (including metabolism of ammonia in aquatic and terrestrial animals) 
9. Amino acid metabolism and diseases (amino acid metabolism linked to disease)
10. Types of osmolytes and their effects in foods
11. Biological defense (outline of innate and acquired immunity) 
12. Biological defense (complement system, lectin, antimicrobial peptide)
13. Special components and functions of marine life (nutrition components)
14. Special components and functions of marine organisms (pigments and trace components) 
15. Feedback
Evaluation Methods and Policy Final examination and class participation. The evaluation criteria and achievement level are in accordance with the "Evaluation Criteria and Achievement Level" described in the Student Handbook of the Faculty of Agriculture for the relevant year.
Course Requirements Nothing in particular
Study outside of Class (preparation and review) All of the nutrient paths cannot be covered in the lectures, so you must do your own reading to understand the specified points.
Textbooks Textbooks/References Will not be used or specified
References, etc. 『ハーパー生化学』