Curve Counting, Geometric Representation Theory, and Quantum Integrable Systems

Definition and basic properties of quantum cohomology. Quantum cohomology of projective spaces and of the Grassmannians. Andrei OKOUNKOV

Course Description
My goal in these lectures will be to explain, focusing on the simplest example of cotangent bundles of Grassmannian, how counting rational curves is certain algebraic varieties is related to several branches of mathematics pioneered and developed here in Kyoto, especially to the quantum group analysis of integrable spin chains and to the geometric realization of quantum groups provided by the Nakajima varieties.

This connection was discovered by Nekrasov and Shatashvili and the example of the Grassmannians is really the most basic example in which the theory can be fully explained. If time permits, I will try to describe the general contours of the theory, as we see them today.