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現在位置: ホーム ja シラバス(2020年度) 文学研究科 英語授業 7231012言語学(特殊講義)

7231012言語学(特殊講義)

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科目ナンバリング
  • G-LET29 67231 LJ37
開講年度・開講期 2020・前期集中
単位数 2 単位
授業形態 特殊講義
対象学生 大学院生
使用言語 英語
曜時限 集中
教員
  • Aurelijus Vijunas(非常勤講師)
授業の概要・目的 In this course, the students will receive training in the Old Norse (Old Icelandic) language. The first part of this course will consist of lectures by the instructor, and the students will be acquainted with the origins of the Old Norse language, its dialectal sub-classification, as well as the main resources for its philological study (dictionaries, grammars, anthologies, online resources, and scholarly journals). This general introduction will be followed by the analysis of the reconstructed Old Norse pronunciation, focusing on the western Old Norse (Old Icelandic) dialect, and an overview of its morphological system. The second part of this course will consist of a guided philological analysis of selected Old Norse texts: under the guidance of the instructor, the students will read, translate, and analyze selected excerpts from original Old Norse (Old Icelandic) prose and poetic texts. The course will meet daily for six-hour seminars, and will be conducted in English.
到達目標 The students will be expected to be able to demonstrate a reasonable understanding of the history of the Old Norse language and its speakers, its reconstructed pronunciation and grammar, as well as an ability to independently analyze texts that were introduced in the course.
授業計画と内容 Section 1 (3 class meetings)
Introduction: Old Norse, its position within the Germanic branch of the Indo- European language family, dialectal sub-classification, main differences between the eastern and western Old Norse dialects. The evolution of Old Norse: Proto- Indo-European, Proto-Germanic, Proto-Scandinavian, the dialectal differentiation of Common Scandinavian (overview). The language of the Scandinavian runic inscriptions vs. Old Norse (overview and main differences). The resources for the philological study of Old Norse: overview of dictionaries, grammars, scholarly journals, main types of texts and where to find them (library resources, online databases, and other electronic materials).

Section 2 (3 class meetings)
The Old Norse pronunciation: how do we reconstruct the pronunciation of dead languages? The evolution of the Old Norse orthography. The Old Norse vowels and their history. Umlaut and breaking. Syncope. The Old Norse consonants and their history. Pronunciation practice: reading Old Norse words and simple sentences, using the standardized Old Icelandic pronunciation. The Old Norse morphological system: parts of speech and their grammatical categories. Evolution. The noun. The morphological classification of Old Norse nouns. Grammatical gender. The stem classes. The “weak” and the “strong” inflection. Thematic stems and their subtypes. Athematic stems and their subtypes. The adjective and the pronoun. The “weak” and the “strong” adjectives.

Section 3 (3 class meetings)
The verb, its grammatical categories and morphological sub-classification. “Strong” verbs vs. “weak” verbs. The ablaut. The preterite-present verbs. Text analysis: excerpts from the Saga of the Greenlanders (Grǿnlendinga saga).

Section 4 (3 class meetings)
Text analysis: The Saga of the Greenlanders continued. Old Norse Eddic poetry: intro. The Lay of Hymir (Hymiskviða).

Section 5 (3 class meetings)
Text analysis: The Lay of Hymir continued. The Saying of Alvíss (Alvíssmál).
成績評価の方法・観点 Evaluation: Due to the intensive nature of this seminar, students should strive to attend all the classes, and the final grade will be based on the student’s performance in the class. The students will be expected to be able to demonstrate a reasonable understanding of the history of the Old Norse language and its speakers, its reconstructed pronunciation and grammar, as well as an ability to independently analyze texts that were introduced in the course.
履修要件 Evaluation: Due to the intensive nature of this seminar, students should strive to attend all the classes, and the final grade will be based on the student’s performance in the class. The students will be expected to be able to demonstrate a reasonable understanding of the history of the Old Norse language and its speakers, its reconstructed pronunciation and grammar, as well as an ability to independently analyze texts that were introduced in the course.

Attendance: class attendance is the students’ responsibility. NO credit or points will be given for good attendance whatsoever, since attendance does not necessarily equal learning. However, excessive absences without a legitimate reason may affect the final grade negatively, and the instructor can in no way be held responsible for work that is submitted late, or is not submitted at all.

Course materials: all class materials will be supplied by the instructor.
授業外学習(予習・復習)等 The students will be required to review the materials discussed in the class, and, during the 3rd to 5th meetings, preview the texts that will be analyzed in the class.
教科書
  • All class materials will be supplied by the instructor.