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  • English
 
現在位置: ホーム ja シラバス(2020年度) 文学研究科 英語授業 5331004日本哲学史(特殊講義)

5331004日本哲学史(特殊講義)

JA | EN

科目ナンバリング
  • G-LET05 65331 LJ34
開講年度・開講期 2020・後期
単位数 2 単位
授業形態 特殊講義
対象学生 大学院生
使用言語 英語
曜時限 金2
教員
  • Stephen Lofts(非常勤講師)
授業の概要・目的 This lecture given in English examines the relation between the work of Ernst Cassirer and the development of the Kyoto School of Japanese philosophy (specifically Nishida Kitarō, Nishitani Keiji and Miki Kiyoshi), focusing on their respective attempts to establish a non-substantialist conception of the world and the human. For Cassirer, as for the members of the Kyoto School, the human is always already in the world and the world is always already a cultural world. The problem that marks their (and our) times was (is) how to conceive of the world and culture without reducing the plurality of worlds and cultures to one world/culture that will provide the paradigm for all worlds. As Nishida has remarked, the task of establishing a worldly-world (世界的世界) is one that defines our intellectual and socio-political epoch. The inability to recognize in the culturally other the humanity we share with them has led to the rise of the tribalism and entrenched ideology of identity politics that is all too pervasive today. The failure to establish an open universality has secured the ground for hegemonic nationalism and blocked the way to the idea of global citizenship. The issues confronting us today are global issues requiring a global response. The devastating anthropogenic effects on the environment, to give but one example, demand a rethinking of the anthropocentric conception of the human, which would allow us to recognize the human as a member of a larger community of sentient beings. This seminar will focus, then, on the convergences and divergences of theories of the human and culture developed by Cassirer and the members of the Kyoto School while bringing them together into a non-Euro-centric conception of the human and culture. The seminar will draw out the consequences for the foundations of the human and cultural sciences as well as for socio-political discourses in a global, multi-cultural world.
到達目標 The goals of the seminar are:
• develop a thorough understanding of the critique of substance and the consequences of this critique
• clarify the philosophical problem of a non-substantialist conception of the world and the human in terms of the factum and facticity of the world/s and human
• develop an appreciation for Cassirer’s “critique of culture” and the logic and dynamic of the symbolic in world-forming and the importance of this “critique of culture” for the Kyoto School
• undertake a focused reading of Nishida: examining his critique of substance, his concepts of the historical world and worldly-world, and the role religion plays in grounding the facticity of a culture.
• undertake a focused reading of Nishitani: examining his critique of substance, the nature of the world and the human, and the role religion plays in grounding the facticity of a culture.
• undertake a focused reading of Miki that examines the logic of the imagination in the construction of the world. Here, we will situate Miki on the contest of the debate between Cassirer and Heidegger and the role of the productive imagination.
授業計画と内容 This lecture will promote better understanding of the above subject through the following problems. The number of sessions of each problem is shown within ( ).

1) Introduction to the seminar and the problematic to be explored (1 session)
2) Introduction to the history of substance in the Western tradition (1 session)
3) Cassirer’s critique of substance in Substance and Function and the generalization of it into the logic of the symbolic relations (1 session)
4) a study of Cassirer’s “critique of culture“ (2 sessions) 
5) a study of Nishida’s concept of the “basho“ and the historical world in terms of the functional logic of relation developed by Cassirer and Cassirer’s critique of culture (1 session)
6) a study of Nishida’s critique of religion from the perspective of its grounding the facticity of the historical world (2 sessions)
6) a consideration of Nishida’s concept of the worldly-world (1 session)
7) a consideration of Nishtani’s engagement with nihilism and his treatment of the world and religion from the perspective of our discussions thus far (3 sessions)
8) a reading of Miki’s Logic of the Imagination in the context of our discussions thus far and the debate between Cassirer and Heidegger on the role of the productive imagination (2 session)
9) final session focusing on the consequences of our reflections thus far for the world today (1 session)
成績評価の方法・観点 A mark given for class participation (50%) and examination by report at the end of semester (50%)
履修要件 特になし
授業外学習(予習・復習)等 Students should engage the lecture material so as to develop your own thoughts on your research topic。