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iCeMS Learning Lounge #11

第11回 iCeMSラーニングラウンジ

2016年1月26日(木)
京都大学 iCeMS 本館2階 セミナールーム
川端 ケリー さん
物質-細胞統合システム拠点(見学美根子グループ)
Andrew Gibbons さん
物質-細胞統合システム拠点(Easan Sivaniahグループ)

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概要

「ラーニングラウンジ」では、毎回2名の若手研究者が自身の研究について英語でトークを行います。社会背景に関連づけた魅力的なトークにより、なぜ自分の研究が世界にとって重要なのか、専門外の方にもわかりやすく訴えかけます。

川端 ケリー(かわばた・けりー)さん
Shapes of Neurons Shape Our Behavior

How does your brain recognize a fly, decide to catch it, and then move your hand? Even a simple activity such as this requires neurons to make many, many precise connections in the brain. Different neuronal shapes can control the way connections are made, and studying the rules of how these shapes are formed can help us better understand how the brain works.

研究者コメント
As of 2017 there are 7.5 billion people on this planet. In our brain, we have about 100 billion neurons, and like people, each of them are constantly sending messages, changing their status, and making, maintaining, or eliminating connections with one another. Understanding this network is an exciting yet massive undertaking, and is the next frontier in biology. In my current research, I focus on how the shapes of neurons are formed to make their proper connections. I’m always excited when learning about how a seemingly tiny change on the molecular scale can so vividly impact how our brain functions.

Andrew Gibbons(アンドリュー・ギボンズ)さん
Foul Play! Making Self-Cleaning Surfaces

What if we had self-cleaning surfaces? Currently, cleaning of filters used in industry costs a great deal of time and money. Fouling on medical devices can lead to rejection by the body. In my talk I explain how fouling occurs and how we can develop self-cleaning surfaces.

研究者コメント
While I’m at home, cleaning is a boring but important chore. In my lab however, the problem of how to keep surfaces clean becomes an exciting challenge requiring creative thinking. I began this research when I was developing filter membranes which are often damaged by the buildup of dirt. I am trying to create surfaces that can keep themselves clean while in use. This is a very useful feature for a wide range of devices. I hope that by the end of the talk you are convinced that cleaning isn’t as boring as you thought!