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Fundamental Chemical Process Engineering

JA | EN

 Numbering Code U-ENG27 27105 LJ60 U-ENG27 27105 LJ76 Term 2020/First semester Number of Credits 2 credits Course Type Lecture Target Student Undergraduate Language Japanese Day/Period Thu.2 Instructor(s) Graduate School of Engineering, Professor KAWASE MOTOAKI Graduate School of Engineering, Professor SANO NORIAKI Graduate School of Engineering, Senior Lecturer ASHIDA RIYUUICHI Outline and Purpose of the Course Transport phenomenon of materials, energy, and momentum are important not only in chemical processes but also in environmental problems and energy problems which include diffusion of pollutants and efficient utilization of heat. In this course, beginning with material and energy balances, momentum transport, energy transport, and material transport are explained. As well, fundamentals of chemical reaction engineering which aims to analyze and design chemical reactors are lectured. Categorization of reactor operation and shapes of reactors is explained from engineering viewpoint and methods for formulating reaction rate equations from experimental data and for designing reactors are then explained. Course Goals To learn fundamentals of chemical process engineering particularly transport phenomena and chemical reaction engineering. Schedule and Contents Weeks 1 and 2: Fluid dynamics (momentum transport)--- Basic concepts of transport phenomena, momentum transport in fluids as well as Newton's law of viscosity, laminar flow of Newtonian fluid, turbulent flow and friction factor, and macroscopic flow and application of balance equation to actual processes are lectured.Weeks 3 and 4: Heat transfer (energy transport)--- Types of heat transfer, heat conduction and Fourier's law, heat transfer at fluid--solid interface and heat transfer coefficient, convective heat transfer, and principles of heat exchanger are lectured.Weeks 5 and 6: Diffusion (material transport)--- Diffusion and Fick's laws, analogy between momentum transport, energy transport, and material transport, equimolar counter diffusion and one-directional diffusion, and application to diffusion problems are lectured.Week 7: Review of transport phenomena--- Comprehensive lecture of fluid dynamics, heat transfer, and diffusion which were taught previous weeks is given.Week 8: Confirmation of understanding of transport phenomena--- Intermediate examination on transport phenomena as practice.Week 9: Classification of chemical reactions and chemical reactors--- Basic concept of chemical reaction engineering is lectured and categorization of reactions and reactors from engineering viewpoint is explained.Weeks 9 and 10: Reaction rate equation--- Definition of reaction rate and its dependency on temperature are explained. Steady-state approximation and partial equilibrium approximation fro formulation of overall reaction are lectured.Weeks 10 and 11: Fundamental equations of designing and operating reactors--- Stoichiometry during reaction and kinetic balance equations of batch reactor, continuous tank reactor, and tubular reactor are explained.Week 12: Kinetic analysis of simple reaction--- Measuring data in experiments using batch reactor, tubular reactor, or continuous tank reactor, analyzing those data, and formulating reaction rate as a function of concentrations and temperature are explained.Weeks 13 and 14: Design and operation of reactors--- Design and operation of reactors are taught and exercised.Week 15: Comprehensive lecture on chemical reaction engineering which were lectured in previous weeks is given. Grading Policy Absolute evaluation of intermediate and final examinations. Take-home assignments and in-class quizzes are imposed and evaluated if necessary. Prerequisites None Preparation and Review Read through a corresponding part of the textbooks before the lecture. Assignments are usually taken from the textbooks. Textbook Gendai Kagakukogaku (2001), K. Hashimoto and F. Ogino ed., (Sangyo Tosho), ISBN:4782826095 Reference(s) Ido Gensho , F. Ogino, (Sangyo Tosho), ISBN: ISBN:478282520X Transport Phenomena (2nd Ed.), R. Bird, W. Stewart and E. Lightfoot, (Wiley), ISBN: ISBN:9780470115398 Han'no Kogaku (revised and augmented), K. Hashimoto, (Baifukan), ISBN: ISBN:9784563046347